Graduates in cap gowns smiling for the camera

Fully flourishing

In the youth studies program, the future is now

Graduates beam into the cameras. It’s commencement day, and CEHD undergraduates are lining up by major in the hallway beneath Mariucci Arena, hooting, hugging, and hopping up and down in excitement.

Next to the School of Social Work sign are the youth studies majors—most of the 21 graduating this year. Some are already launched into careers as counselors, coaches, youth program directors, event coordinators, case managers, or community organizers.

Marion Barber Jr. is one of them—now a special education assistant and assistant coach at a local high school. Standing in back, exuding calm joy, Barber is definitely the tallest in his class and, at 57, the oldest. He is not a typical youth studies major, but essential parts of his student experience are hallmarks of the program.

“School wasn’t what I thought it would be, from the first day when we started with an icebreaker exercise,” says Barber. “After the initial shock of sharing something about myself, it became relatively easy to share my story.”

“There’s an incredible trust factor that makes this program able to draw on life experiences.”

The youth studies program received high marks in an external review of the School of Social Work early this year. With 56 percent students of color, youth studies is one of the most diverse undergraduate programs at the U. Reviewers remarked on the program’s intellectual richness, strong and innovative community partnerships, and the exceptional vibrancy and enthusiasm of its students.

The everyday lives of young people

Youth studies draw on humanities, arts, social science, and social service perspectives.

“The field has been called by many names,” says professor Michael Baizerman, who has been part of youth studies’ evolution at the U since arriving in 1972. “From youth service in the 1950s it became youth involvement in the 1960s and ’70s, and later youth engagement and participation.”

Baizerman, whose Brooklyn background can still be heard in his banter, is one of three core faculty members in the program along with associate professors Ross VeLure Roholt and Katie Johnston-Goodstar.

“A person crafts themself every single day in response to experiences and situations. The future is now—that’s how it’s created,” says VeLure Roholt.

A signature of youth studies is what they call the language of everyday life, of what it’s like to be a young person in a time, place, and culture. The words youth rather than adolescent and studies rather than development are significant, they agree.

“The goal is fully flourishing, right now, today,” VeLure Roholt says. “We want a young person not to work on becoming an adult but on being the best person they want to be. So—how do we create the opportunities and supports for them to do that now, and not wait for the future?”

“It’s really a nondevelopmental approach to working with young people,” says Johnston-Goodstar.

Youth studies faculty members collaborate with scholars across the U, from recreation management to health, and with colleagues in the community and around the world. They look at culture and the way different cultures across the world imagine and understand young people and their roles and identities.

Fostering an ethos

Baizerman, VeLure Roholt, and Johnston-Goodstar refer often to the youth studies program’s ethos—its character, guiding beliefs, and ideals. Listening, being fully present, and having a sense of humor are all part of it.

Trust, as Marion Barber Jr. testified, is a critical factor. That extends to learning to trust one’s own experience and knowledge.

Two years ago, Barber sat down with an adviser to consider his options for finishing a bachelor’s degree, which he’d started in the 1970s. As a Gopher football star, he’d left for a career in the NFL and then Twin Cities business. He raised a family, volunteered at Armstrong High School for years, and worked in juvenile corrections. Based on his interests—business on one hand, youthwork on the other—adviser Mary Ellen Shaw suggested he try a course in youth studies and see what he thought.

One of those courses was with Johnston-Goodstar.

“She’s a professor I was just supposed to have,” says Barber.

Marion Barber Jr. poses in the gym of Armstrong High School, where he works.
Marion Barber Jr.

“Marion found us,” says Johnston-Goodstar. “Here he was allowed to return to and recognize the knowledge of the experience he already brought, and to begin to trust that. Sometimes the answers were already there.”

“From the beginning, I often looked at my experience in the program as in the moment,” says Barber. “And there were several moments when I’d have the thought, ‘This is more than I wanted to take on,’ but the very next moment it had passed.”

The ability to be in the moment is something Barber now takes to his job every day, where he works with young people with emotional and behavioral disorders.

“I work with attitude, but I love being in the classroom despite what I’m dealing with,” Barber explains. “Even if I’ve had an altercation, I don’t take that to the next moment. We need to be mindful that we’re working with children. We can make some assumptions but we don’t really know what happens outside of school. Teach, empower, encourage—that’s what we do.”

Youth at the center

Gisela Konopka, a pioneer in focusing on youth.
Gisela Konopka

Youth studies’ origins at the University of Minnesota are often associated with the life and work of Gisela Konopka, a German scholar and activist who fled Europe in World War II after work in the resistance. Her career on the U faculty 1947–78 was marked by innovation.

Michael Baizerman
Michael Baizerman

Konopka played a role in recruiting Michael Baizerman—a new Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh in 1972—whose study in social work, public health, and medical sociology led him to work in poverty programs, with gangs, and in neighborhood organizing.

The program—as well as the School of Social Work—moved to the College of Home Economics, which became the College of Human Ecology (CHE). A graduate program in youth development leadership (YDL) was added under the leadership of dean Robert Bruininks in the 1990s. When CHE closed in 2005, youth studies and the School of Social Work found a home in the newly configured College of Education and Human Development.

Ross VeLure Roholt
Ross VeLure Roholt

Ross VeLure Roholt completed his master of social work and then a Ph.D. in community, work, and family education at the U and joined the youth studies faculty in 2007. A focus of his work is youth involvement in democratic and social development, especially with young people from historically marginalized and contested communities. He’s also the director of the YDL master’s program.

Katie Johnston-Goodstar had just completed a doctorate at the University of Washington in 2009 when Baizerman called. He was visiting a colleague in New Mexico who’d built youth studies for Native and Hispanic youth in the Southwest, who told him about Johnston-Goodstar. She had combined three disciplines in her scholarship: critical education, social work (mainly community practice/community organizing), and indigenous studies.

Katie Johnston-Goodstar
Katie Johnston-Goodstar

“I grew up here and went away to Seattle to university, so I was coming home, in many ways, figuratively and literally,” says Johnston-Goodstar. “I was particularly interested in returning here and working with Native youth in Minnesota . . . but I could have pursued that research in a number of different areas and with other young people. I was returning for a number of reasons but primarily because Mike, from a mountaintop in New Mexico, convinced me of the ethos of the program.”

Then she came for a visit and got to experience it for herself.

All three are engaged internationally in countries from Northern Ireland to New Zealand.

Learn more about the youth studies program in the School of Social Work.

Read more about Marion Barber Jr. in the news on commencement day and in a short feature about his work at Armstrong High School.


This is one of three stories in our coverage of the 100th anniversary of social work at the University of Minnesota in 2017. Read the overview and two more features.

Building a better world—Social work celebrates a century
Places for healing—Meeting the needs of refugee trauma survivors
Vital years—A focus on strengths in aging

Story by Gayla Marty | Photos by Erica Loeks (top), Rick Moore (Barber), Julie Cutting (Baizerman), Meleah Maynard (Johnston-Goodstar); courtesy U Archives (Konopka), School of Social Work (VeLure Roholt) | Fall 2017